Discover 22 Birds With Orange Chests (Spotting And Identification)

Discover 22 Birds With Orange Chests

Birds with orange chests are an enchanting sight, brightly punctuating various landscapes from open fields and woodlands to coastal areas with their vivid plumage.

Their vibrant orange coloration, a result of carotenoids in their diet, not only serves as an important visual signal during courtship and breeding but also adorns the bird-watching community’s field guides with striking hues of dark orange, bright orange, and everything in between.

Most of the birds we have mentioned here can be spotted in mainland U.S.A. However; 6 are found outside of this, including the European Stonechat, Chaffinch, Daurian Redstart, Orange-breasted Falcon, Brambling, and Flame Robin.

Let’s take a closer look at some of these beautiful birds and learn how to identify them by their distinct orange chests.

1. Baltimore Oriole

Baltimore Oriole
  • Appearance: Males have black heads and backs, vivid orange rumps and tails; females are brownish to yellowish.
  • Size: 6.7-7.5 inches.
  • Wingspan: 9.1-11.8 inches.
  • Weight: 1.02-1.39 ounces.
  • Habitat: Open woodlands, forest edges, orchards, urban parks.
  • Diet: Feed high in trees on insects, flowers, and fruit.
  • Nesting: Construct woven hanging nests.
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern.

The Baltimore Oriole is a striking and unmistakable bird, featuring vibrant orange and black plumage.

Adult males boast an eye-catching appearance with a stark black head and back contrasted against a vivid orange rump and outer tail feathers, making them standout figures in their environments.

Adult females, on the other hand, display a more muted array of colors, featuring plumage that ranges from brownish to yellowish on the head and back, with a soft yellow coloring on the tail and undertail coverts.

In terms of size, these medium-sized songbirds measure between 6.7-7.5 inches in length and have a wingspan of 9.1-11.8 inches, positioning them as slightly smaller and slenderer than the familiar American Robin.

In their natural habitats, Baltimore Orioles tend to be elusive, often heard before they are seen, as they prefer to feast high in the trees on insects, flowers, and fruit. Occasionally, they venture lower to indulge in fruits from vines and bushes or to sip nectar from hummingbird feeders.

They thrive in a variety of settings, including open woodlands, forest edges, orchards, and urban areas like parks and backyards, especially those filled with leafy deciduous trees.

Their diet is diverse, consisting of berries, fruits, nectar, and insects, which not only nourishes them but also plays a crucial role in pest control, contributing to the biodiversity and ecological balance within their habitats.

With a conservation status currently assessed as of low concern, the Baltimore Oriole continues to enchant with its presence, adding both color and song to the outdoor experience and reminding us of the importance of maintaining diverse and healthy ecosystems.

Baltimore Oriole Range Map:

2. American Robin

American Robin

Appearance: Gray-brown plumage with dark heads and warm orange underparts.

  • Size: 9.0-11.0 inches.
  • Wingspan: 12.2-15.8 inches.
  • Weight: 2.7-3.0 ounces.
  • Habitat: Forests, lawns, gardens, fields.
  • Diet: Ground foragers, often seen tugging earthworms.
  • Nesting: Cup-shaped nests made by females; up to three broods a year.
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern.

The American Robin stands out as a migratory spectacle that embellishes the North American scenery with its vivid orange breast and melodious calls.

This bird, while common, captivates with its unique characteristics and behaviors.

In terms of identification, the American Robin is a relatively large songbird characterized by a robust, round body, long legs, and a relatively lengthy tail, distinguishing it significantly from a bluebird in size.

Its coloration is notable for the gray-brown plumage and dark head, but it’s the bold, warm orange underparts that truly catch the eye, a trait shared by both sexes, especially prominent during the breeding season.

American Robins exhibit versatility in diet, consuming earthworms, insects, and a variety of berries and fruits.

Their dietary preference shifts towards fruit in the colder months, with honeysuckle berries occasionally leading to intoxication.

They are primarily ground foragers, often observed pulling earthworms from soil on lawns, and they show an inclination to visit bird feeders.

Females are responsible for nest building, expertly crafting a cup-shaped nest from grass and twigs where they lay three to five light blue eggs per brood, with the potential for up to three broods annually.

Migration patterns and conservation status reveal that, despite their strong association with spring, many American Robins actually remain within their breeding range throughout winter. Their migratory behavior involves north-south movements based on the season, with some winter roosts hosting up to a quarter-million birds.

Their adaptability to various environments, ranging from dense forests to urban parks, cements their status as a year-round cherished presence. Whether spotted on a crisp spring morning or heard singing, the American Robin undoubtedly holds a beloved spot among birdwatchers and nature lovers.

American Robin Range Map:

3. Eastern Bluebird

Eastern Bluebird
  • Appearance: Males have vibrant blue backs, rustic or brick-red throats and breasts; females are grayish with bluish wings and orange-brown breasts.
  • Size: 6.3-8.3 inches.
  • Wingspan: 9.8-12.6 inches.
  • Weight: 0.95-1.20 ounces.
  • Habitat: Open country, meadows, fields, and edges of forests.
  • Diet: Versatile diet of insects and berries.
  • Nesting: Tree holes or nest boxes; female builds the nest.
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern.

Diving into the world of the Eastern Bluebird, you’re looking at a charming small thrush known for its round head and large belly, creating a distinctive silhouette against the open country backdrop.

The Eastern Bluebird presents a captivating display of color, with adult males showcasing a vibrant blue back contrasted against a rustic or brick-red throat and breast, truly a sight to behold.

In contrast, females and juveniles display a more muted color scheme, featuring grayish tones with bluish wings and an orange-brown breast, while juveniles also exhibit spots on their backs and chests as they mature.

These birds are enthusiasts of open country landscapes, often found perching atop wires, posts, and low branches to keep an eye out for their next meal.

Their diet is impressively versatile, ranging from insects captured during graceful swoops to the ground, to berries sourced from fruiting trees in the cooler months.

Eastern Bluebirds favor meadows and open areas ringed by trees for their nesting sites, showing a remarkable adaptability to nest boxes provided by humans, typically positioned along roadsides and field edges.

When it comes to reproduction, the male Eastern Bluebird engages in an elaborate courtship display, offering food to the female and flaunting his plumage near the chosen nest site.

Nesting involves the occupation of tree holes or nest boxes, where the female lays 4-5 pale blue or sometimes white eggs, which incubate over a period of 13-16 days.

The family dynamics of these birds are notably cohesive, with both parents contributing to the upbringing of their young with a diet predominantly composed of insects. In some cases, offspring from earlier broods remain to assist in raising subsequent ones.

Eastern Bluebirds typically live between 6-10 years, although the record lifespan for one individual was an astounding 10 years and 5 months!

Eastern Bluebird Range Map:

4. Rufous Hummingbird

Rufous Hummingbird
  • Appearance: Males have bright orange backs and bellies with iridescent-red throats; females are greenish with rusty-washed flanks.
  • Size: 2.8-3.5 inches.
  • Wingspan: 4.3 inches.
  • Weight: 0.1-0.2 ounces.
  • Habitat: Open woodlands, yards, parks, and forests up to the tree line.
  • Diet: Rufous hummingbirds feed on nectar and insects.
  • Nesting: The female constructs her nest in a sheltered spot within a shrub or conifer.
  • Conservation Status: Near Threatened.

The Rufous Hummingbird represents a vivid and dynamic presence in the avian world, distinguished by its small size and robust territorial instincts.

The males of this species dazzle with their bright orange back and belly, along with an iridescent-red throat that sparkles in the sunlight.

In contrast, females and immature birds adopt a more understated appearance, featuring greenish upper parts with rusty-washed flanks, and similar rusty patches on their green tails, sometimes accented with a hint of orange on the throat.

With a body length ranging from 2.8 to 3.5 inches, and a wingspan about 4.3 inches, these birds share a size comparable to or slightly smaller than the Ruby-throated Hummingbird.

Rufous Hummingbirds are notably aggressive, actively defending their territory against intruders at flowers and feeders with remarkable fervor.

They are adaptable dwellers, making homes in open woodlands, gardens, parks, and forests extending up to the treeline. During winter, they migrate to Mexico, where they occupy shrubby spaces and oak-pine forests across various elevations.

Their exceptional memory for locations assists them in navigating across diverse habitats to find optimal conditions throughout the year, though this trait also exposes them to the challenges posed by climate change.

Rufous Hummingbirds indulge in insects and nectar, showcasing their versatility by extracting insects from spider webs or capturing them in flight, and showing a preference for sugar-water mixtures provided in feeders.

They favor red tubular flowers like penstemons, red columbines, and scarlet sage for nectar, playing a pivotal role in pollination and thereby maintaining the balance within their ecosystem.

The migratory patterns of Rufous Hummingbirds, spanning from their breeding grounds in the far north to wintering areas in Mexico through mountain meadows brimming with nectar-rich flowers, depict a species characterized by resilience and an impressive ability to adapt to varying environmental conditions.

Rufous Hummingbird Range Map:

5. Red-breasted Nuthatch

Red-breasted Nuthatch
  • Appearance: Males have black caps, blue-gray backs, and rusty underbellies; females are grayer with paler underparts.
  • Size: 4.3 inches.
  • Wingspan: 8.5 inches.
  • Weight: 0.32-0.35 ounces.
  • Habitat: Evergreen forests, occasionally deciduous woods.
  • Diet: Insects, seeds, and nuts.
  • Nesting: Monogamous pairs, nest in cavities, protect with resin.
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern.

The Red-breasted Nuthatch is a charming and energetic bird that adds a vibrant dash of color to the dense greenery of evergreen forests.

Measuring roughly the size of a sparrow or smaller, at about 4.3 inches in length and weighing around 0.35 ounces, this bird is a compact bundle of activity.

The adult male is distinguished by a sharp black cap and eyeline contrasted with a white eyebrow, complemented by a blue-gray back and a notably rusty underbelly.

In comparison, adult females feature a grayer cap and paler rusty underparts, whereas juveniles, while typically less distinctly marked, largely reflect the adult plumage patterns.

Inhabiting predominantly evergreen forests rich with spruce, fir, pine, and other conifers, the Red-breasted Nuthatch also makes its way into deciduous woodlands in its eastern ranges.

These birds are known for their agility, moving adeptly up, down, and across tree trunks and branches in search of food, a task they undertake without the woodpecker’s tail support, and their flight pattern is described as short and bouncy, indicative of their lively nature.

Their diet is varied, encompassing conifer seeds, insects such as beetles, wasps, and caterpillars, and other arthropods, which classifies them as carnivores, insectivores, as well as omnivores.

Come breeding season, which spans from April to August, monogamous pairs engage in shared nesting responsibilities, laying between 5 to 8 eggs per clutch. A unique aspect of their nesting behavior is the use of resin to protect the nest, demonstrating a cooperative effort in offspring rearing.

The Red-breasted Nuthatch not only showcases remarkable adaptability to different forest environments but also exhibits intriguing feeding and nesting habits, making it an engaging subject for birdwatching enthusiasts.

Red-breasted Nuthatch Range Map:

6. Altamira Oriole

Altamira Oriole
  • Appearance: Flame-orange and black with white wing highlights and orange shoulder patches.
  • Size: 8.3-9.8 inches.
  • Wingspan: 14.2 inches.
  • Weight: 1.7-1.9 ounces.
  • Habitat: Open woodlands, urban areas with tall trees.
  • Diet: Feeds on insects, fruits, nectar.
  • Nesting: Hanging nests woven by females.
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern.

The Altamira Oriole is a tropical marvel that occasionally adorns the United States, particularly the Rio Grande Valley in Texas, with its vibrant presence.

This bird stands out with its striking flame-orange and black plumage, accented with white highlights in the wings and a distinct orange patch at the shoulder, captivating the attention of birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts alike.

Notably the largest oriole found in the U.S., it boasts a length of 8.3-9.8 inches and a wingspan of approximately 14.2 inches, making it comparable in size to crows and robins.

The Altamira Oriole’s song, a mixture of rich, sweet whistles combined with percussive clucks and chatters, adds a delightful auditory experience to its visual appeal.

In terms of habitat and lifestyle, the Altamira Oriole frequents open woodlands where it engages in foliage gleaning for insects. It also occasionally visits feeders to partake in fresh fruit or nectar, demonstrating its adaptable feeding habits.

The nest-building technique of the females is particularly noteworthy, as they meticulously weave hanging nests up to 26 inches long in high branches, offering an impressive display of avian architecture.

The Altamira Oriole is classified under ‘Low Concern’, indicating a prevalent and stable population in its native tropical regions, with a modest extension into the U.S. territory.

For those keen on observing these magnificent birds within the U.S., the best times are during the active and vocal hours of the morning throughout the spring and summer months. Parks and national wildlife refuges within their range offer prime locations for spotting these colorful orioles.

Altamira Oriole Range Map:

7. Spotted Towhee

Spotted Towhee
  • Appearance: Males have black upperparts and bright rufous sides; females are grayish-brown.
  • Size: 6.7-8.3 inches.
  • Wingspan: 11.0 inches.
  • Weight: 1.2-1.7 ounces.
  • Habitat: Ground foragers in dense brush and forest edges.
  • Diet: Insects, seeds, berries.
  • Nesting: Nests on or near the ground; diet changes seasonally.
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern.

These birds present a relatively large physique, characterized by a robust body, short neck, and an elongated, rounded tail.

They measure between 6.7-8.3 inches in length and have a wingspan of approximately 11 inches.

The coloration varies significantly between genders; males display striking jet-black upperparts contrasted with vivid rufous sides, whereas females and immature birds exhibit a more subdued grayish-brown palette.

Spotted Towhees are primarily ground foragers, engaging in a unique two-footed, backwards-scratching hop to unearth seeds and insects hidden beneath leaf litter. Their dietary preferences shift seasonally, ranging from arthropods rich in protein during the warmer months to a more varied diet of acorns, seeds, and berries throughout the fall and winter.

When it comes to nesting, females are responsible for laying two to six speckled eggs in nests that are meticulously constructed on or near the ground using natural materials such as leaves and pine needles.

The Spotted Towhee is classified as being of low concern, indicating a stable presence across its breeding range, which can be observed throughout the year.

For those interested in attracting these intriguing birds to their yards, providing brushy borders and scattering seeds near vegetation can prove effective.

Spotted Towhee Range Map:

8. American Redstart

American Redstart
  • Appearance: Males are black with bright orange patches; females and immatures are gray with yellow patches.
  • Size: 4.3-5.5 inches.
  • Wingspan: 6.3-7.5 inches.
  • Weight: 0.25-0.32 ounces.
  • Habitat: Open wooded areas, deciduous trees.
  • Diet: Insectivores.
  • Nesting: The redstarts build their nests in the lower part of a bush, laying 2–5 eggs in a neat cup-shaped nest.
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern.

The American Redstart, a vibrant member of the New World warblers, enlivens forests with its dynamic presence and colorful plumage.

The adult males of this species are particularly striking, featuring a dark black head, back, and throat dramatically offset by vivid orange patches on their sides, wings, and tail.

In contrast, females and immature males adopt a more understated appearance, displaying a gray head and olive back complemented by yellow patches on the sides, wings, and tail.

Immature males might also exhibit a blend of these colorations, with varying degrees of black on their face and chest, making for a diverse display within the species.

American Redstarts are notably active, engaging in a continuous search for insects among tree branches. Their ability to rapidly flick their tails, revealing bright colors, serves as an effective strategy to flush out prey, highlighting their insectivorous diet.

These birds show a preference for open wooded areas, particularly those filled with deciduous trees, marking their presence across various global habitats and adding to the biodiversity of these environments.

American Redstart Range Map:

9. Sharp-Shinned Hawk

Sharp-Shinned Hawk New
  • Appearance: Adults are blue-gray with red-orange bars; immatures are brown with yellow eyes.
  • Size: 9.4-13.4 inches.
  • Wingspan: 16.9-22.1 inches.
  • Weight: 3-8 ounces.
  • Habitat: Dense woods, forest edges.
  • Diet: Small birds, mammals, insects.
  • Nesting: Nests high in trees.
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern.

Venturing into the domain of the Sharp-shinned Hawk introduces us to an avian predator known for its remarkable agility and elusive nature.

The Sharp-shinned Hawk adults boast blue-gray upperparts with distinctive dark tail bands, while their underparts are adorned with narrow, horizontal red-orange bars.

Younger hawks are cloaked in a general brown tint, marked by thick streaks below and notable yellow eyes.

Both adults and juveniles share characteristics such as slim legs, small feet, and a square-tipped tail.

A key feature distinguishing adults is their white cheek which starkly contrasts against a gray crown, aiding in their identification.

These hawks excel in the element of surprise, leveraging their nimbleness to weave through dense woods in pursuit of songbirds, their primary prey. Their flight is characterized by a unique flap-and-glide style, particularly effective across open spaces, which along with their compact size and square-tipped tail, facilitates recognition.

They inhabit deep forests for breeding and migrate along ridgelines, frequently hunting around forest edges or near backyard feeders, making them both a common and thrilling encounter for bird watchers.

Classified as Low Concern, the conservation status of Sharp-shinned Hawks has seen positive trends since the DDT pesticide ban, leading to a rebound in their numbers.

These birds are a magnificent spectacle during migration, observed in large gatherings at hawk watches, offering birdwatchers breathtaking viewing opportunities.

One fascinating aspect of this species is the significant size dimorphism between genders, with females being roughly one-third larger and heavier than their male counterparts.

Sharp-Shinned Hawk Range Map:

10. Varied Thrush

Varied Thrush
  • Appearance: Males have black and orange patterns; females are more subdued.
  • Size: 7.5-10.2 inches.
  • Wingspan: 13.4-15.0 inches.
  • Weight: 2.3-3.5 ounces.
  • Habitat: Dense wet forests, conifers.
  • Diet: Insects, spiders, berries, seeds.
  • Nesting: Varied thrushes’ nest in dense coniferous forests, laying two to five eggs in a tree nest.
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern.

The Varied Thrush presents an exquisite mosaic of colors including black, blue, brown, gray, and orange, making for a striking visual spectacle.

This large songbird, comparable in size to crows or robins, has a sturdy build complemented by a rounded head and a straight bill.

The males are distinguished by their slaty grey backs, whereas females and juveniles display more muted tones; females tend towards a brownish back and juveniles often have a whitish belly.

These thrushes are at home in the dense, moist forests laden with fir, hemlock, and spruce trees. While they are primarily coastal dwellers, they can be found in coniferous forests or underbrush near streams during migration and winter months.

Nesting occurs in conifers, with nests strategically placed at the base of branches close to the trunk, usually between 5-15 feet off the ground, offering both protection and privacy.

The male Varied Thrush’s song, a distinctive, piercing note, resonates most frequently at dawn, dusk, and following rainfall, acting as a territorial call in the spring.

The diet of the Varied Thrush consists mainly of insects and berries, tying their survival closely to their natural habitat. The threat of habitat loss, particularly due to the logging of northwestern forests, poses a significant risk to their population.

Their dependence on dense, typically coniferous woodlands highlights the critical need for conservation efforts to preserve these ecosystems not only for the Varied Thrush but also for the overall biodiversity of the region.

Despite their resemblance to the American Robin, Varied Thrushes stand out with distinctive banding on their wings and face, or the breast bar, marking their unique status within their geographical range.

Varied Thrush Range Map:

11. Allen’s Hummingbird

Allen’s Hummingbird
  • Appearance: Males are green with rust-colored flanks and orange-red throats; females are green with rufous on tails.
  • Size: 3-3.5 inches.
  • Wingspan: 4.3 inches.
  • Weight: 0.1-0.1 ounces.
  • Habitat: Coastal forests, scrub, chaparral.
  • Diet: Nectar, small insects and spiders.
  • Nesting: The female builds a nest out of plant fibers, down, and weed stems, coated with lichens and spider webs for structure, and places it above ground on a tree branch or plant stalk.
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern.

These tiny aviators span 3 to 3.5 inches in length, presenting a compact and robust frame.

The males dazzle with a green back and forehead, complemented by rust-colored flanks, rump, and tail, and a striking iridescent orange-red throat. The females and immature birds, while sharing the green and rufous color palette, lack the shimmering throat patch, instead displaying a combination of green with rufous tail markings and white tips.

Allen’s Hummingbirds carve out their breeding territory along a slender coastal stretch extending from California to southern Oregon. They have an affinity for coastal forests, scrublands, and chaparral environments.

Their diet is primarily nectar-driven, drawn from tubular flowers, supplemented by small insects which sustain their rapid metabolism.

Besides their vibrant aesthetic contribution, these hummingbirds play a pivotal role in pollination, supporting the reproductive cycle of various plants, including those under federal protection.

With a current population estimated at 700,000, which is on a decline, Allen’s Hummingbirds have demonstrated a remarkable capacity to adapt to environments altered by human activity, broadening their geographical footprint. Nonetheless, continuous conservation initiatives remain crucial to ensure their enduring presence and the health of the ecosystems they enrich.

Allen’s Hummingbird Range Map:

12. European Stonechat

European Stonechat
  • Appearance: Males have black heads and orange throats; females are brown with paler bodies.
  • Size: 4.7-5.5 inches.
  • Wingspan: 7.5-9.1 inches.
  • Weight: 0.49-0.74 ounces.
  • Habitat: Heathland, coastal dunes, grasslands.
  • Diet: Insects, spiders, berries.
  • Nesting: The European stonechat builds its nest close to the ground in dense vegetation, creating a loose unwoven cup of dried grass lined with hair and feathers.
  • Conservation Status: Stable population (Green status under UK’s Birds Of Conservation)

The European Stonechat is a small passerine bird adorned with unique features and engaging behaviors.

This bird, slightly smaller than the European robin, offers a charmingly compact presence in its natural setting.

The male is easily recognizable by his black head and upperparts, vibrant orange throat and breast, and a contrasting white belly and vent. A distinctive white half-collar adorns the sides of his neck, adding to his striking appearance.

The female wears a more subdued palette, with brown upperparts and head complemented by darker streaks across a paler brown body, devoid of the males’ white patches.

The European Stonechat exhibits a preference for heathlands, coastal dunes, and rough grasslands as breeding grounds, demonstrating its versatility across different landscapes.

Its migration patterns vary, with some populations undertaking short-distance migrations south to winter in warmer regions of Europe and North Africa, while others remain non-migratory. Their diet is omnivorous, consisting of a mix of invertebrates, seeds, and fruits.

The lifespan of the European Stonechat averages around 4-5 years, although individuals can live longer given ideal conditions. Their conservation status is listed as Green under the UK’s Birds of Conservation Concern 5, signifying a stable population. This status reflects successful conservation efforts and the adaptability of the species to its environment.

13. Chaffinch

  • Appearance: Males are reddish-brown with green rumps; females are olive-brown.
  • Size: 5.5-6.3 inches.
  • Wingspan: 9.1-11.4 inches.
  • Weight: 0.63-1.02 ounces.
  • Habitat: Woodlands, gardens, parks.
  • Diet: Seed-eaters.
  • Nesting: Nests in trees; caterpillars for young.
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern.

Exploring the realm of the Chaffinch reveals the intriguing characteristics of one of western Europe’s most widespread finches, a bird as ubiquitous as it is fascinating.

This bird, roughly the size of a sparrow, measures 5.5-6.3 inches in length with a wingspan stretching between 9.1-11.4 inches. Weighing in at a mere 0.63-1.02 ounces, the Chaffinch boasts agility and speed. Typically, a Chaffinch’s lifespan extends to about 3 years.

The male Chaffinch is easily spotted by his rich reddish-brown body and green rump, complemented by a black forehead and a blue-grey bill. The female, on the other hand, sports more muted olive-brown hues and a creamy underbelly, with her identity marked by a pale pink bill tipped in black.

Originally forest inhabitants, Chaffinches have successfully adapted to various environments, including gardens and parks, essentially any landscape that offers trees and shrubbery.

Their diet primarily consists of seeds, but it becomes more varied in winter when they form large flocks to feed in farmlands and gardens. Come breeding season, caterpillars become a significant part of their diet.

14. Hooded Oriole

Hooded Oriole
  • Appearance: Males are black and yellow-orange; females are pale yellow.
  • Size: 7.1-8.3 inches.
  • Wingspan: 9.0-11.0 inches.
  • Weight: 0.8-1.0 ounces.
  • Habitat: Open woodlands, suburban areas.
  • Diet: Feed on insects and nectar.
  • Nesting: Hanging nests in tall trees.
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern.

The adult male boasts an eye-catching combination of black and vibrant yellow-orange feathers, presenting a visually stunning contrast. Females, with their more subdued pale yellow plumage, offer a gentler visual appeal. Comparable in size to a Robin, these birds feature rounded wings and a unique wedge-shaped tail that enhances their streamlined look.

The Hooded Oriole is commonly found in open woodlands and residential areas across the southwestern U.S., particularly favoring regions with desert oases or neighborhoods dotted with tall cottonwoods, sycamores, or palm trees.

Their diet is impressively diverse, spanning insects, berries, and nectar. They have a special preference for caterpillars, beetles, wasps, and ants, alongside a diet that includes wild berries and occasionally cultivated fruits.

These birds are also known to frequent hummingbird feeders to enjoy sugar-water.

Female Hooded Orioles exhibit remarkable nesting skills, meticulously crafting hanging nests on the undersides of palm fronds. These nests, woven from grass and plant fibers and lined with soft materials like plant down, hair, or feathers, are typically positioned about 20 feet off the ground.

While there has been a notable decline in their population in southern Texas, largely attributed to cowbird parasitism, they generally remain widespread further west.

Conservation efforts have contributed to a modest resurgence in certain locales, with a global breeding population estimated at 1.7 million (by Partners in Flight), positioning them as a species of low conservation concern.

Hooded Oriole Range Map:

15. Daurian Redstart

Daurian Redstart
  • Appearance: Males have gray crowns and napes, black faces and chins, and dark wings with a prominent white wing patch. Females are warm brown above and paler below.
  • Size: 5.3-5.9 inches.
  • Wingspan: 7.9-8.7 inches.
  • Weight: 0.47-0.65 ounces.
  • Habitat: Open forests, forest edges, and scrubby vegetation in subalpine areas.
  • Diet: Insects, berries, seeds, and nectar.
  • Nesting: Nests in tree cavities or on cliff ledges.
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern.

The Daurian Redstart introduces us to a bird renowned for its vivid plumage and dynamic presence throughout temperate Asia.

The male Daurian Redstart is distinguished by a gray crown and nape, striking black face and chin, and dark wings that are highlighted with a conspicuous white wing patch. Its chest, lower back, and rump exhibit a bright orange coloring, setting off the black tail which has orange sides.

The female, while equally attractive, presents a softer appearance with her warm brown upper parts and paler underside, yet she retains the vibrant orange rump, tail sides, and white wing patch characteristic of the male.

This bird favors open forests, forest edges, and areas of scrubby vegetation in subalpine zones for breeding purposes. During winter, it adapts to a broader range of altitudes, including scrubby forest edges, gardens, and fields.

The Daurian Redstart is known for its spirited behavior, often seen bobbing its dark, orange-sided tail and emitting a melodious series of warbling sounds. Its vocalizations include a brief, high-pitched whistle and a sharp “tsak” sound.

Not currently considered at risk, the Daurian Redstart contributes significantly to the avian diversity within its habitat, spanning from Manchuria and southeastern Russia through to Korea and central China. This species exemplifies the splendor and adaptability of bird species in temperate regions of Asia.

16. Olive Warbler

Olive Warbler
  • Appearance: Males have an orange hood and dark cheeks, with gray bodies and bold white wingbars. Females have a yellowish hood instead of orange.
  • Size: 5.1-5.5 inches.
  • Wingspan: 9 inches.
  • Weight: 0.34–0.42 ounces.
  • Habitat: Prefers open pine forests, pine-oak woodlands, and pine-fir forests, typically found above 6,000 feet in Arizona and New Mexico.
  • Diet: Forages for insects in the canopy, using deliberate hops and sallying out to catch insects.
  • Nesting: Nests are placed in the canopy of coniferous trees, often at the ends of branches, and are made from rootlets, moss, lichens, and spider webs.
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern

The Olive Warbler captivates bird enthusiasts with its unique position as the only member of the family Peucedramidae.

Found primarily in the pine-oak forests stretching from the southwestern United States through Mexico and into Central America, this fascinating bird offers a glimpse into the evolutionary adaptability of avian species.

Male Olive Warblers are distinguished by their striking orange head and throat, contrasting with the rich olive-grey upperparts and pale underparts. A prominent dark line through the eye adds to its distinctive appearance.

In contrast, females and juveniles display a more subdued plumage, featuring olive-grey throughout, with hints of yellowish tones on the face and underparts.

This species favors forested highland regions, thriving in mature pine and pine-oak woodlands. During the breeding season, Olive Warblers construct their nests high in the canopy, utilizing materials like moss and lichen, which blend seamlessly with their arboreal environment.

They feed on insects and spiders gleaned from branches and foliage, demonstrating remarkable acrobatic prowess while foraging.

Known for their melodious and variable song, Olive Warblers can be heard delivering a series of clear, musical notes that resonate through their forest habitats. Their song serves as both a territorial marker and a means of attracting mates, contributing to the complex acoustic tapestry of their woodland realms.

Despite their extensive range and stable population, Olive Warblers remain a species of interest for ornithologists and bird watchers, embodying the diverse ecological roles birds play in forest ecosystems. Their presence across a wide geographical area underscores their resilience, ensuring they maintain a thriving population amidst the ever-changing landscape of their habitat.

Olive Warbler Range Map:

17. Red Knot

  Red Knot
  • Appearance: Red Knots are medium-sized shorebirds with reddish-brown coloration during the breeding season and grayish tones during non-breeding.
  • Size: 9-10 inches.
  • Wingspan: 20-22 inches.
  • Weight: 3.5 and 7.1 ounces.
  • Habitat: Found in coastal areas, particularly mudflats and sandy beaches during migration and breeding seasons.
  • Diet: Feeds on invertebrates, particularly horseshoe crab eggs during migration.
  • Nesting: Nests are shallow scrapes on the ground in the Arctic tundra.
  • Conservation Status: Near Threatened, primarily due to habitat loss and reduced food availability during migration​.

The Red Knot is known for its extensive migratory patterns and striking plumage.

During the breeding season, this medium-sized shorebird showcases a unique blend of colors with its rusty-red face, chest, and underparts, contrasted with darker upperparts speckled with white.

When not in breeding plumage, the Red Knot transitions to a more muted appearance, displaying pale, greyish-brown feathers that provide camouflage against the coastal and mudflat habitats it frequents.

Both male and female Red Knots share a similar appearance, though females tend to be slightly larger.

They undertake some of the longest migrations in the avian world, travelling thousands of miles from their breeding grounds in the Arctic tundra to their wintering sites in the Southern Hemisphere, including coastal regions of Europe, Africa, and the Americas.

The Red Knot’s diet primarily consists of invertebrates, such as mollusks and crustaceans, which it skillfully extracts from the mudflats during low tide. Its long, slender bill is perfectly adapted for probing the sand and silt for hidden prey.

During the breeding season, Red Knots favor the high Arctic tundra, favoring areas with sparse vegetation and abundant invertebrate prey to raise their young. In winter, they are typically found in large flocks along sandy beaches, estuaries, and mudflats, where they continue their foraging activities.

Despite the Red Knot’s adaptability and broad geographic range, it faces significant threats from habitat loss, climate change, and human disturbances, particularly in critical staging and wintering areas. Conservation efforts are essential to ensure the survival of this incredible migratory bird, whose life journey symbolizes endurance and the interconnectedness of global ecosystems.

Red Knot Range Map:

18. Scarlet Tanager

Scarlet Tanager
  • Appearance: Males are bright red with black wings and tail, while females are olive-yellow with darker wings.
  • Size: 6.3-6.7 inches.
  • Wingspan: 11 inches.
  • Weight: 0.83 to 1.34 ounces.
  • Habitat: Deciduous forests, often high in the canopy.
  • Diet: Feeds on insects and fruits, often catching insects in mid-air.
  • Nesting: Nests are placed on horizontal branches, usually 10-30 feet above ground. The nest is a loose cup of twigs and grass.
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern.

The Scarlet Tanager is a striking and vibrant bird that captures attention with its vivid plumage.

During the breeding season, the male Scarlet Tanager displays a brilliant red body contrasted by jet-black wings and tail, making it one of the most visually captivating birds in North America.

In contrast, the female’s plumage is primarily olive-yellow, which provides excellent camouflage in the leafy canopies they inhabit.

This species is commonly found in deciduous forests across eastern North America during the summer months.

Preferring the high canopies of mature forests, the Scarlet Tanager remains elusive, often heard before being seen. Its diet during the breeding season includes a variety of insects, such as beetles, wasps, and caterpillars, as well as fruits and berries, which it skillfully gleaned from foliage or caught mid-flight.

In fall, Scarlet Tanagers embark on an impressive migratory journey to their wintering grounds in the tropical forests of northern South America. This migration spans thousands of miles and involves navigating numerous hazards, including habitat loss and predation.

Habitat fragmentation due to deforestation poses a considerable risk, both on their breeding grounds and wintering habitats.

Conservation measures that protect large tracts of unbroken forest and create corridors between fragmented habitats are vital for the survival of this species, ensuring that future generations can continue to be inspired by the Scarlet Tanager’s beauty and resilience.

Scarlet Tanager Range Map:

19. Western Tanager

Western Tanager
  • Appearance: Males have bright yellow bodies with red heads and black wings, while females are duller with yellow-green bodies and grayish wings.
  • Size: 6.3-7.5 inches.
  • Wingspan: 11.5 inches.
  • Weight: 0.8-1.3 oz.
  • Habitat: Coniferous and mixed forests, especially during breeding.
  • Diet: Forages for insects and fruits, often sallying out from perches to catch prey.
  • Nesting: Nests are built in coniferous trees, usually 10-20 feet above ground.
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern​.

The Western Tanager is another visually striking bird, known for its vivid plumage, which makes it easily distinguishable in its natural habitat.

The male Western Tanager showcases a bright yellow body with a striking red head and contrasting black wings and tail. The red head, which appears during the breeding season, is caused by pigments derived from their diet.

The female’s plumage is more subdued, displaying a mix of yellowish-green with darker wings, providing her with better camouflage among the foliage.

This species inhabits a wide range of environments, from coniferous and mixed forests to open woodlands and even suburban areas, primarily in western North America.

During the breeding season, they are typically found in the treetops, where they construct their nests and forage for food. Their diet is quite varied, including insects like beetles and ants, as well as a wide range of fruits and berries.

In fall, Western Tanagers migrate to their wintering grounds, which stretch from central Mexico to Costa Rica. This journey is perilous, involving long flights over inhospitable terrain and challenges such as loss of resting habitats.

Western Tanager Range Map:

20. Brambling

  • Appearance: Males have black heads, orange breasts, and white bellies during the breeding season, while females are more muted with brown heads.
  • Size: 5.5-6.3 inches.
  • Wingspan: 9-11 inches.
  • Weight: 0.8-1.02 ounces.
  • Habitat: Breeds in boreal forests and migrates to woodlands, farmland, and gardens.
  • Diet: Feeds on seeds and insects, often foraging on the ground.
  • Nesting: Nests are placed in trees and are made from twigs, moss, and grass.
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern​.

The Brambling is a small passerine bird belonging to the finch family, Fringillidae, and is often noted for its striking appearance and vocal nature.

Adult male Bramblings during the breeding season exhibit a captivating combination of a black head, rusty-orange breast, and white belly, along with distinctive white rump and shoulder patches.

The females and non-breeding males display subtler tones of browns, oranges, and whites that blend seamlessly into their environment.

Bramblings breed primarily in the northern forests of Europe and Asia, favoring the birch and coniferous woodlands where they construct their nests.

These birds forage on the forest floor, where their diet mainly consists of seeds, particularly from beech trees, and various insects when available.

During the colder months, Bramblings migrate southward, often forming large flocks that can number into the thousands, extending their range across Europe, parts of North Africa, and Central Asia.

An interesting fact about Bramblings is that they can form massive winter flocks, sometimes exceeding a million birds. These immense gatherings are not only a spectacular sight but also an adaptive strategy to increase survival rates by reducing the likelihood of individual predation and enhancing foraging efficiency.

21. Orange-Breasted Falcon

Orange-Breasted Falcon
  • Appearance: Dark gray above with orange underparts and a distinctive facial pattern.
  • Size: 14-16 inches.
  • Wingspan: 30-40 inches.
  • Weight: 11 – 25 ounces.
  • Habitat: Prefers tropical and subtropical forests, often near cliffs and river valleys.
  • Diet: Feeds on birds and bats, catching them in mid-air with powerful flight.
  • Nesting: Nests on cliff ledges or in large trees.
  • Conservation Status: Near Threatened.

The Orange-breasted Falcon is a striking raptor known for its vivid plumage and agile hunting prowess.

With a size similar to that of the Peregrine Falcon, this species stands out due to its vibrant orange chest and underparts, contrasted by a deep slate-grey back and wings. The head is marked with a distinctive black “moustache” stripe, adding to its fierce appearance.

Native to the tropical and subtropical forests of Central and South America, the Orange-breasted Falcon typically nests in remote cliff faces and tall trees, making direct observations relatively rare.

Its diet primarily consists of small birds, which it captures mid-flight with exceptional speed and precision. This falcon’s powerful flight and keen eyesight make it a formidable predator in its habitat.

The breeding habits of the Orange-breasted Falcon remain somewhat elusive, but it is known to produce a small clutch of eggs each season.

Both parents participate in raising the chicks, ensuring the young fledge with a strong start.

The Orange-breasted Falcon is known for its remarkable speed and agility, often compared to the renowned Peregrine Falcon. During its high-speed chases, this raptor can reach speeds of over 220 miles per hour, allowing it to outmaneuver and capture even the swiftest of prey.

Due to habitat destruction and human encroachment, the Orange-breasted Falcon faces challenges to its population stability.

22. Flame Robin

Flame Robin
  • Appearance: Males have bright orange-red breasts and throats, gray upperparts, and white underparts. Females are brownish with pale orange breasts.
  • Size: 4.9-5.5 inches.
  • Weight: 0.5 ounces.
  • Habitat: Found in temperate forests, woodland, and open areas in Australia.
  • Diet: Feeds on insects, often from perches or the ground.
  • Nesting: Nests are placed in tree forks or crevices, made of grass, moss, and feathers.
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern.

The Flame Robin, is a captivating small bird admired for its brilliant orange-red plumage.

Measuring around 4.9-5.5 inches in length, the male Flame Robin boasts a striking fiery red chest and belly, which contrasts sharply with its slate-grey upperparts and wings. Females, on the other hand, display more muted coloring, with pale brown and grey tones conferring a more subdued appearance.

This species is predominantly found in southeastern Australia and Tasmania, inhabiting a variety of environments such as eucalyptus forests, woodlands, and open heathlands.

During the breeding season, they prefer higher altitudes, while in winter, they may migrate to lower elevations, often spotted in gardens and urban areas.

The Flame Robin’s diet consists mainly of insects and other small invertebrates, which it skillfully catches either in flight or by foraging on the ground. Their hunting technique involves a characteristic perch-and-pounce strategy, allowing them to maximize their hunting efficiency.

Breeding season for the Flame Robin typically occurs between July and January. Males establish and defend breeding territories with vigor, attracting females through their vivid display and melodic song.

Nests are usually constructed in tree forks or crevices, using grass, bark, and feathers. The female lays a clutch of 2-4 eggs, incubating them for about two weeks. Both parents play a role in feeding and caring for the chicks until they fledge.

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